This Article Covers:
Knife Steel, For Hunting Knives
3 Steel Types for Hunting Knives
- 420HC – used in a lot of Buck Knives.
- AUS-8 – used in SOG Knives and Outdoor Edge.
- VG-10 – use in knives by Spyderco, Cold Steel, and Fallkniven.
Steel Types For Custom Knives
- 80CRV2 – Used for custom knives including hunting knives, recommended by Jason Knight
- 01 Tool Steel – Used for Bushcraft Knives by Jack Lore
- S30V High vanadium stainless steel good hardness rating and edge retention – used in some Buck Knives
- 154 CM High carbon content high hardness rating and excellent edge retention – used Buck Knives, custom knives
Rather than spec-out over steel hardness, I look for toughness in my knife blades, for me, my hunting knives have to be well made, tough, durable, lightweight, well balanced, plus comfortable to use.
Most Important – A Good Hunting Knife Must Hold Its Edge Until The Job Is Done!
In the real world both of my cheap and cheerful, AUS-8 Stainless Steel Hunting Knives, live up to my expectations, whatever the hunting conditions. I’ve owned them 10 years now and see no reason to replace them.
If you are interested in a comprehensive knife steel chart and knife steel buying guide? check out JantzKnifeMaking.com
Carbon v’s Stainless Knife Steel
If I was buying or making a custom knife it would be from Carbon Steel but if it is used for hunting I would expect to clean and oil it more than I would if it was stainless.
The times I have used carbon steel hunting knives in the past, I would normally cover the blade with olive oil before sliding it into the leather sheath, I would do this several times, once the inside of the sheath was well oiled my knife was less likely to rust whenever the weather was wet and wild.
Though today, I’d rather use stainless knives for hunting and carbon for knives when the conditions aren’t so harsh – Not because carbon knives can’t handle tough conditions, but simply because I don’t need the extra work keeping them clean and rust-free, plus I find the carbon knives I like always cost more to buy – I guess I’m getting lazier and tighter with money as I get older? or is it smarter?
Best Hunting Knife Steel?
When I’m choosing a hunting knife, if it’s made by a well-known brand using Stainless Steel… It has met most of my requirements already
I don’t worry too much about steel types when buying a “Working Knife”.
In real-world situations, knife steel used by established Knife Brands is durable enough for processing deer, I’m using AUS-8 at the moment, I’m very happy with the performance and edge retention of AUS-8 in both my boning knife and skinning knife. – it helps a lot if you use your knife for the specific job it is intended for…
My Best Boning Knife I only use for boning out deer, either in the field or processing deer at home.
The Swingblade I only use for gutting and skinning deer in the field, nothing else.
This is why my hunting knives hold an edge for a long time.
You will never see me cutting wood or plastic or any rubbish like that… One Knife, One Use!
Best Knife Steel…
- 154CM is custom steel also used by Buck Knives with high carbon content and higher hardness rating giving it better edge retention than 420HC.
- 420HC is tougher than the standard 420, the HC stands for high carbon, 420HC is used by many knife makers including Gerber Knives and Buck as it is resistant to rust, easy to re-sharpen, with good/average edge-retention – 420HC is often derided by knife “experts” as too soft? But many popular production knife makers rely on it for the bulk of their knives, and experienced hunters use 420HC knives every day…
- S30V Stainless Steel has a high vanadium content giving it even higher edge retention.
- X55CrMo14 or 1.4110 used in Swiss Army Knives as well as Inox blade steel used by Victorinox.
- ZDP-189 by Hitachi Metals, used by custom knife makers and a few factory makers including Spyderco Knives and Kershaw Knives.
- VG-10 is widely used in Japanese kitchen knives, several manufacturers use it in various folders and fixed blade knives like Spyderco Knives, Cold Steel, and Fallkniven.
- AUS-8 (8A) is comparable to 440B with a carbon content close to 0.75%. Outdoor Edge uses it in their SwingBlade hunting knife also SOG Knives use AUS-8 extensively.
- 440C is considered high-end stainless steel. It is very resistant to corrosion and is one of the most common stainless alloys used for knife making.
- Böhler n695 is equivalent to 440C
- CPM S125V High wear resistance, difficult to process, and machine for knifemakers mainly used in custom knives, though it is used by larger manufacturers in very limited quantities.
Best Steel For Hunting Knives
Ask The Experts!?
Ask any 3 hunters “what is the best knife steel?”
You will most likely get 3 different answers and a heated explanation of why it is so!
A better option than “debating with friends” is to visit this page on ThoughtCo and Compare 20 Grades of Knife Steel.
If someone says you must have this! or must have that…? Test It, For Yourself, then buy the knife that works best for You! – at a price you are comfortable spending!